Prof. Dr. Nico Goldscheider


  • Introduction to Hydrogeology
  • Applied Hydrogeology
  • Regional Hydrogeology
  • Karst hydrogeology
  • Marking techniques (tracer tests)
  • Field exercises, excursions

Work areas

  • Hydrogeology of karst aquifers
  • Alpine hydrogeology
  • Hydrogeological marking techniques, tracer tests
  • Ecological and microbiological aspects of groundwater research
  • Groundwater quality, contamination problems and groundwater protection

Important functions

Since 2022 chairman of the hydrogeology section of the DGGV (

2018 - 2022 Editor-in-Chief of the journal Groundwater.

2018-present Associate Editor, Groundwater

2009-2017 Chair, IAH Karst Commission(

2010-2017 Associate Editor, Journal of Hydrology

2005-2010 Associate Editor, Hydrogeology Journal


List of publications

Changes in the limiting nutrients and dominant phytoplankton communities of three major European rivers: Response to catchment lithologies and human activities
Zeng, S.; Sun, H.; Liu, Z.; Goldscheider, N.; Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Zhao, M.; Zeng, H.; Han, C.
2024. Journal of Hydrology, 637, Art.-Nr.: 131362. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2024.131362
Towards understanding the influence of seasons on low-groundwater periods based on explainable machine learning
Wunsch, A.; Liesch, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2024. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 28 (9), 2167 – 2178. doi:10.5194/hess-28-2167-2024
Improving understanding of groundwater flow in an alpine karst system by reconstructing its geologic history using conduit network model ensembles
Fandel, C.; Ferré, T.; Miville, F.; Renard, P.; Goldscheider, N.
2023. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 27 (22), 4205 – 4215. doi:10.5194/hess-27-4205-2023
Distribution, threats and protection of selected karst groundwater-dependent ecosystems in the Mediterranean region
Siegel, L.; Goldscheider, N.; Petitta, M.; Xanke, J.; Xanke, J.; Andreo, B.; Bakalowicz, M.; Barberá, J. A.; Bouhlila, R.; Burg, A.; Doummar, J.; Ezzine, I.; Fernández-Ortega, J.; Ghanmi, M.; Jourde, H.; Marín, A. I.; Mhimdi, A.; Pipan, T.; Ravbar, N.; Stevanović, A. M.
2023. Hydrogeology Journal. doi:10.1007/s10040-023-02711-9
When best is the enemy of good – critical evaluation of performance criteria in hydrological models
Cinkus, G.; Mazzilli, N.; Jourde, H.; Wunsch, A.; Liesch, T.; Ravbar, N.; Chen, Z.; Goldscheider, N.
2023. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 27 (13), 2397–2411. doi:10.5194/hess-27-2397-2023
Comparison of artificial neural networks and reservoir models for simulating karst spring discharge on five test sites in the Alpine and Mediterranean regions
Cinkus, G.; Wunsch, A.; Mazzilli, N.; Liesch, T.; Chen, Z.; Ravbar, N.; Doummar, J.; Fernández-Ortega, J.; Barberá, J. A.; Andreo, B.; Goldscheider, N.; Jourde, H.
2023. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 27 (10), 1961–1985. doi:10.5194/hess-27-1961-2023
Karst spring discharge modeling based on deep learning using spatially distributed input data
Wunsch, A.; Liesch, T.; Cinkus, G.; Ravbar, N.; Chen, Z.; Mazzilli, N.; Jourde, H.; Goldscheider, N.
2022. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 26 (9), 2405–2430. doi:10.5194/hess-26-2405-2022
Multi-parameter monitoring at alpine karst springs to identify suitable early-warning indicators for bacterial contamination
Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2021, September 21. GeoKarlsruhe (DGGV 2021), Karlsruhe, Germany, September 19–24, 2021
Bioenergie und Grundwasser
Goldscheider, N.; Neukum, C.; Scheytt, T.
2021. Grundwasser, 26 (2), 121–122. doi:10.1007/s00767-021-00481-3
Risk of groundwater contamination widely underestimated because of fast flow into aquifers
Hartmann, A.; Jasechko, S.; Gleeson, T.; Wada, Y.; Andreo, B.; Barberá, J. A.; Brielmann, H.; Bouchaou, L.; Charlier, J.-B.; Darling, W. G.; Filippini, M.; Garvelmann, J.; Goldscheider, N.; Kralik, M.; Kunstmann, H.; Ladouche, B.; Lange, J.; Lucianetti, G.; Martín, J. F.; Mudarra, M.; Sánchez, D.; Stumpp, C.; Zagana, E.; Wagener, T.
2021. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118 (20), Art.-Nr.:e2024492118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2024492118
Field Tracer Tests to Evaluate Transport Properties of Tryptophan and Humic Acid in Karst
Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2021. Groundwater, 59 (1), 59–70. doi:10.1111/gwat.13015
Windenergie und Grundwasser
Goldscheider, N.
2021. Grundwasser, 26, 341–342. doi:10.1007/s00767-021-00493-z
Deep desiccation of soils observed by long-term high-resolution measurements on a large inclined lysimeter
Merk, M.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2021. Hydrology and earth system sciences, 25 (6), 3519–3538. doi:10.5194/hess-25-3519-2021
Comparative application and optimization of different single-borehole dilution test techniques
Fahrmeier, N.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2021. Hydrogeology journal, 29 (1), 199–211. doi:10.1007/s10040-020-02271-2
A model ensemble generator to explore structural uncertainty in karst systems with unmapped conduits
Fandel, C.; Ferré, T.; Chen, Z.; Renard, P.; Goldscheider, N.
2021. Hydrogeology journal, 29, 229–248. doi:10.1007/s10040-020-02227-6
Comparisons on the effects of temperature, runoff, and land-cover on carbonate weathering in different karst catchments: insights into the future global carbon cycle
Zeng, S.; Liu, Z.; Goldscheider, N.; Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Kaufmann, G.; Zeng, C.; Zeng, Q.; Sun, H.
2021. Hydrogeology journal, 29 (1), 331–345. doi:10.1007/s10040-020-02252-5
Processes controlling spatial and temporal dynamics of spring water chemistry in the Black Forest National Park
Merk, M.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2020. The science of the total environment, 723, Article: 137742. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137742
Assessment of the impact of geogenic and climatic factors on global risk of urinary stone disease
Wang, Y.; Wang, Q.; Deng, Y.; Chen, Z.; Van Cappellen, P.; Yang, Y.; Goldscheider, N.
2020. The science of the total environment, 721, Art.-Nr.: 137769. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137769
Physicochemical and major ion data for springs in the Black Forest National Park, Germany
Merk, M.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2020. Data in Brief, 30, Article: 105645. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2020.105645
Hydrochemical evaluation of water resources and human impacts on an urban karst system, Jordan
Xanke, J.; Ender, A.; Grimmeisen, F.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2020. Hydrogeology journal, 28, 2173–2186. doi:10.1007/s10040-020-02174-2
Global distribution of carbonate rocks and karst water resources
Goldscheider, N.; Chen, Z.; Auler, A. S.; Bakalowicz, M.; Broda, S.; Drew, D.; Hartmann, J.; Jiang, G.; Moosdorf, N.; Stevanovic, Z.; Veni, G.
2020. Hydrogeology journal, 28, 1661–1677. doi:10.1007/s10040-020-02139-5
Global karst springs hydrograph dataset for research and management of the world’s fastest-flowing groundwater
Olarinoye, T.; Gleeson, T.; Marx, V.; Seeger, S.; Adinehvand, R.; Allocca, V.; Andreo, B.; Apaéstegui, J.; Apolit, C.; Arfib, B.; Auler, A.; Barberá, J. A.; Batiot-Guilhe, C.; Bechtel, T.; Binet, S.; Bittner, D.; Blatnik, M.; Bolger, T.; Brunet, P.; Charlier, J.-B.; Chen, Z.; Chiogna, G.; Coxon, G.; De Vita, P.; Doummar, J.; Epting, J.; Fournier, M.; Goldscheider, N.; Gunn, J.; Guo, F.; Guyot, J. L.; Howden, N.; Huggenberger, P.; Hunt, B.; Jeannin, P.-Y.; Jiang, G.; Jones, G.; Jourde, H.; Karmann, I.; Koit, O.; Kordilla, J.; Labat, D.; Ladouche, B.; Liso, I. S.; Liu, Z.; Massei, N.; Mazzilli, N.; Mudarra, M.; Parise, M.; Pu, J.; Ravbar, N.; Sanchez, L. H.; Santo, A.; Sauter, M.; Sivelle, V.; Skoglund, R. Ø.; Stevanovic, Z.; Wood, C.; Worthington, S.; Hartmann, A.
2020. Scientific data, 7 (1), Art. Nr.: 59. doi:10.1038/s41597-019-0346-5
Hydrogeological site investigation and economic evaluation to assess the potential of managed aquifer recharge in the Lower Jordan Valley
Xanke, J.; Salman, A.; Al-Karablieh, E.; Liesch, T.; Salameh, E.; Goldscheider, N.
2020. Hydrogeology journal, 28, 745–762. doi:10.1007/s10040-019-02058-0
Laboratory and numerical study of hyporheic flow-mediated DNAPL dissolution in karst conduits
Wu, Y.; Hunkeler, D.; Goldscheider, N.
2019. Hydrogeology journal, 27 (1), 335–343. doi:10.1007/s10040-018-1858-3
On the Optimal Spatial Design for Groundwater Level Monitoring Networks
Ohmer, M.; Liesch, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2019. Water resources research, 2019WR025728. doi:10.1029/2019WR025728
Spatial resolution of transport parameters in a subtropical karst conduit system during dry and wet seasons
Ender, A.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2018. Hydrogeology journal, 26 (7), 2241–2255. doi:10.1007/s10040-018-1746-x
Grundwasser wird jünger, attraktiver und internationaler
Goldscheider, N.; Neukum, C.
2018. Grundwasser, 23 (4), 275. doi:10.1007/s00767-018-0405-4
Ermittlung des Steuerungspotenzials für ein ökologisches Grundwasser-Entnahmemanagement der Stadtwerke Karlsruhe
Wirsing, T.; Kühlers, D.; Maier, M.; Schönthal, M.; Roth, K.; Goldscheider, N.
2018. Grundwasser, 23 (3), 219–232. doi:10.1007/s00767-018-0398-z
Impact of rainfall events on the sulfate variability of a complex gypsum-carbonate karst spring
Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2018, July. EuroKarst (2018), Besançon, France, July 2–6, 2018
Dynamics of water fluxes and storages in an Alpine karst catchment under current and potential future climate conditions
Chen, Z.; Hartmann, A.; Wagener, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2018. Hydrology and earth system sciences, 22 (7), 3807–3823. doi:10.5194/hess-22-3807-2018
Multi-tracer approach to characterize hydraulically induced sulfate rock dissolution processes below a weir lock
Strasser, D.; Montenegro, H.; Blechschmidt, L.; Liesch, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2017. Journal of applied water engineering and research, 5 (2), 142–157. doi:10.1080/23249676.2016.1172992
Subsurface Flow and Sulfate Dissolution Response to the Construction and Restoration of the River Weir in Hessigheim, Germany
Montenegro, H.; Kauther, R.; Strasser, D.; Liesch, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2017. EuroKarst 2016, Neuchâtel – Advances in the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs. Ed.: P. Renard, 57–63, Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45465-8_6
Fluorescence-based multi-parameter approach to examine the water quality of alpine karst springs
Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2017. 44th IAH Congress (2017), Dubrovnik, Croatia, September 25–29, 2017
Correlating Global Precipitation Measurement satellite data with karst spring hydrographs for rapid catchment delineation
Longenecker, J.; Bechtel, T.; Chen, Z.; Goldscheider, N.; Liesch, T.; Walter, R.
2017. Geophysical research letters, 44 (10), 4926–4932. doi:10.1002/2017GL073790
Contamination risk and drinking water protection for a large-scale managed aquifer recharge site in a semi-arid karst region, Jordan
Xanke, J.; Liesch, T.; Goeppert, N.; Klinger, J.; Gassen, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2017. Hydrogeology journal, 25 (6), 1795–1809. doi:10.1007/s10040-017-1586-0
Modelling groundwater over-extraction in the southern Jordan Valley with scarce data
Alfaro, P.; Liesch, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2017. Hydrogeology journal, 25 (5), 1319–1340. doi:10.1007/s10040-017-1535-y
Challenges of Implementing IWRM in the Lower Jordan Valley
Klinger, J.; Riepl, D.; Wolff, H.-P.; Heinz, I.; Rödiger, T.; Guttman, J.; Samhan, S.; Tamimi, A.; Subah, A.; Sauter, M.; Müller, R.; Geyer, S.; Ali, W.; Afferden, M. van; Lee, M.-Y.; Liesch, T.; Hötzl, H.; Goldscheider, N.
2016. tIntegrated Water Resources Management : Concept, Research and Implementation. Ed.: D. Borchardt, 749–777, Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-25071-7_28
Evaluation of β-d-glucuronidase and particle-size distribution for microbiological water quality monitoring in Northern Vietnam
Ender, A.; Goeppert, N.; Grimmeisen, F.; Goldscheider, N.
2016. The Science of The Total Environment, 580, 996–1006. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.054
Numerical long-term assessment of managed aquifer recharge from a reservoir into a karst aquifer in Jordan
Xanke, J.; Jourde, H.; Liesch, T.; Goldscheider, N.
2016. Journal of hydrology, 540, 603–614. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.058
Weekly variations of discharge and groundwater quality caused by intermittent water supply in an urbanized karst catchment
Grimmeisen, F.; Zemann, M.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2016. Journal of hydrology, 537, 157–170. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.03.045
Erratum to: Integration of soil science functions in the hydrogeological assessment of vulnerability
Wirsing, T.; Neukum, C.; Goldscheider, N.; Maier, M.
2015. Grundwasser, 20 (3), 215–224. doi:10.1007/s00767-015-0297-5
Impact of managed aquifer recharge on the chemical and isotopic composition of a karst aquifer, Wala reservoir, Jordan
Xanke, J.; Goeppert, N.; Sawarieh, A.; Liesch, T.; Kinger, J.; Ali, W.; Hoetzl, H.; Hadidi, K.; Goldscheider, N.
2015. Hydrogeology Journal, 23 (5), 1027–1040. doi:10.1007/s10040-015-1233-6
Tracking changing X-ray contrast media application to an urban-influenced karst aquifer in the Wadi Shueib, Jordan
Zemann, M.; Wolf, L.; Grimmeisen, F.; Tiehm, A.; Klinger, J.; Hoetzl, H.; Goldscheider, N.
2015. Environmental Pollution, 198, 133–143. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2014.11.033
Improved geohydraulic characterization of river bed sediments based on freeze-core sampling – Development and evaluation of a new measurement approach
Strasser, D.; Lensing, H.-J.; Nuber, T.; Richter, D.; Frank, S.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2015. Journal of Hydrology, 527, 133–141. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.04.074
Characterizing soil water dynamics on steep hillslopes from long-term lysimeter data
Augenstein, M.; Goeppert, N.; Goldscheider, N.
2015. Journal of hydrology, 529 (3), 795–804. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.08.053
Spatially resolved information on karst conduit flow from in-cave dye-tracing
Lauber, U.; Ufrecht, W.; Goldscheider, N.
2013. Hydrology and earth system sciences discussions, 10 (9), 11311–11335. doi:10.5194/hessd-10-11311-2013
Differential Hydrogeological Effects of Draining Tunnels Through the Northern Apennines, Italy
Vincenzi, V.; Gargini, A.; Goldscheider, N.; Piccinini, L.
2013. Rock mechanics and rock engineering, 47 (3), 947–965. doi:10.1007/s00603-013-0378-7
Neue Erkenntnisse zur Struktur der Karstentwässerung im aktiven Höhlensystem des Blautopfs
Lauber, U.; Ufrecht, W.; Goldscheider, N.
2013. Grundwasser, 18 (4), 247–257. doi:10.1007/s00767-013-0239-z